Combined treatment of stage I cervical cancer: experience of the Gynecologic Oncology Clinic of the Wroclaw Medical University
Affiliation and adress for correspondence

Katedra Onkologii i Klinika Onkologii Ginekologicznej Akademii Medycznej we Wrocławiu. Kierownik: prof. dr hab. n. med. Jan Kornafel
Correspondence to: Katedra Onkologii i Klinika Onkologii Ginekologicznej Akademii Medycznej we Wrocławiu, pl. Hirszfelda 12, 53-413 Wrocław, tel./faks: 71 361 91 11, e-mail: izmajlow@wp.pl
Source of financing: Department own sources

CURR. GYNECOL. ONCOL. 2011, 9 (1), p. 18-25
ABSTRACT

Aim of study: Patients affected with high-risk stage I cervical cancer undergo surgical treatment combined with adjuvant radio- or radiochemotherapy. The purpose of the present study was to assess the outcome of FIGO stage IB cervical cancer patients treated at a single center (Gynecologic Oncology Clinic of the Wroclaw Medical University, Poland) compared with worldwide data presented at the 2006 FIGO Annual Report. Patients and methods: Retrospective analysis included in total 61 patients with squamous-cell cervical cancer, treated at our institution since 2003 thru 2005. In this group, 45 patients underwent Wertheim-Meigs procedure, 16 – simple hysterectomy with adnexectomy. Fifty-eight patients received adjuvant external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy, while 3 – brachytherapy alone. Twenty-seven patients received conventional teleradiotherapy and 31 – conformal radiotherapy. Results: Overall 5-year survival rate in the entire study population was 75.9%. In patients undergoing Wertheim-Meigs procedure and conventional radiotherapy vs. conformal radiotherapy, 5-year survival rates were 72.2% and 75%, respectively. In patients undergoing simple hysterectomy with adnexectomy and conventional vs. conformal radiotherapy, 5-year survival rates were 71.8% and 80%, respectively. Conclusions: To sum up, use of conformal radiotherapy favorably affected treatment outcomes, particularly in patients undergoing simple hysterectomy with adnexectomy. In spite of progress in therapeutic techniques, no significant improvement in patients affected with cervical cancer was obtained, while treatment outcomes in Poland appear significantly worse than those reported in the FIGO report.

Keywords: cervical cancer, combination treatment, 5-year survival rates, radiotherapy, surge