A phantom visualizing the surgery of the vulva
Affiliation and adress for correspondence

1Poradnia dla Kobiet z Zespołem Turnera, Szpital Specjalistyczny nr 2 w Bytomiu;
2 Klinika Nowotworów Narządów Płciowych Kobiecych. Centrum Onkologii – Instytut im. Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie w Warszawie;
3 Świętokrzyskie Centrum Onkologii, Dział Ginekologii w Kielcach.

GIN ONKOL, 2004, 2 (2), p. 114-117
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ABSTRACT

Objectives: The aim of the study was to construct a phantom to visualize the anatomy and pathologies of the vulva and to imitate the surgery of the vulva. Material and methods: After numerous measurement, sketches and plaster casts on the corps of a woman, the phantom was constructed. Various materials were used. Results: The phantom represents the anatomy of the groins, vulva, perineum, femoral hiatus as well as the iliac and obturatory vessels. On the vulva, a cyst of the Bartholin gland was formed. It can be shifted from the left to the right and backwards. The regions of the pudendal lips were marked white to imitate dysplastic lesions. The shape and color of the tumor of the vulva resembles the real cancer. The tumor as well as lymph nodes is mobile. The phantoms allows the following operations: 1) marsupialization of the cyst of the Bartholin gland; 2) superficial partial vulvectomy; 3) profound total vulvectomy; 4) inguinal and femoral lymphadenectomy; 5) iliac and obturatory lymphadenectomy. Conclusion: The phantom resembles the real conditions of diagnosing pathologies and performing operations of the vulva. According to the introductory data, it makes the process of education easier, quicker and safer.

Keywords: phantom, operations of the vulva